industry means any processes that involve the extraction of raw materials from
the earth to be used by consumers. It consists of any operations that remove
metals, mineral and aggregates from the earth. Examples of extractive processes
include oil and gas extraction, mining, quarrying and dredging.

Though the
oil, mining and gas industries are central to the economies of many developing
countries. At the same time, these industries often give rise to human rights
problems so serious that they can devastate vulnerable communities.
whole essence of Human Rights is to traditionally protect its populace against
any abuses that they are likely to face. Transnational companies (TNCs) which carry
out these extractive activities violate various human rights. In Niger Delta,
the local populace is not usually given prior notice before its commencement,
and as a result, they violate their right to land through expropriation, right
to safe environment, health, life and displacement of the population. 

violations occur as a result of the machineries that pollutes the atmosphere.
In Zamfara state, the crushing and grinding of ore to extract gold has brought
about lead poisoning within the state.

Under International law, Nigeria have the primary obligation
to protect, promote and fulfill human rights and must thus ensure that the
companies involved in extractive activities, operating within their territory
must comply with international standards.

On the
issue of security, with the recent killings in Zamfara state, the illegal
mining of gold in this state has brought about a high level of insecurity. The
activities going on are illegal. The individuals and companies carrying on
miming activities does not have the requisite license to do so. It is appalling
that some traders from South Asian countries with the collaboration of some
locals and elites are involved.  

can be done to compel TNCs to respect Human Rights in Nigeria? What step should
the Federal Government take to curb illegal mining activities in Zamfara state?

These issues and questions
would be addressed at the Plenary Session of the NBA Annual General Conference
scheduled to hold on;

Date: Monday, 26th
August 2019

Time:  15.30 – 17.00

Venue: Orchid, Eko Hotel


Moderator: Deputy
Ambassador, Switzerland Embassy in Nigeria

Panelists:     Adaeze Nwakobi

Prof. Wahab
Egbewole, SAN

Isreal Usman